Participants of public inspections collected more than 220 thousand pieces of garbage on the shores of the ocean, seas, rivers and lakes from Kaliningrad to Kamchatka and sorted them into categories. Thus, the volunteers found out what kind of wastes mainly pollute these areas. These studies are published on the website of the Greenpeace organization of ecologists.
According to the study, 68.1% of all waste is plastic. 31.9% is the other types of waste. In total, 229123 garbage fragments were collected and sorted into categories. Specialists carried out 274 so-called «plastic watch» and found out that 96.2% of the collected 156125 plastic fragments are parts of disposable items and packaging.
Cigarette butts became the main disposable pollutants; they make almost a third of all plastic found. The top ten also included small plastic bags and soft packs of products, bottles for drinks, plastic covers, pieces of plastic (including foam rubber and wires), wet wipes, bag-shirts, packaging bags, cups and lids for drinks, and also food containers, including fast food packaging.
The volunteers have been collecting garbage for a month and a half and hundreds of people all over the country joined them during this time. Among them are schoolchildren, students, members of environmental movements and company employees. They conducted almost 300 inspections in 171 settlements.
Most of plastic watch took place in Moscow (25) and Novosibirsk (22) regions and in St. Petersburg (18).
Greenpeace Project Zero Waste expert Dmitry Nesterov commented on the research results and noted that people are concerned about the f plastic pollution problem. According to him, there is a request for legislative restriction of disposable plastic in Russia. Besides, 127 countries are already using different mechanisms to reduce the consumption of disposable plastic products.
The legislative restriction of disposable plastic and the transition to alternatives with a long service life will significantly reduce the amount of plastic waste that pollutes the environment, Nesterov said.
Thus, the results of the plastic watch during the Greenpeace summer expeditions will become the basis for creating a list of disposable plastic goods, containers and packaging, which the organization will propose to legally limit in Russia.
Earlier, News.ru reported that large deposits of methane and oil discovered at the bottom of Baikal.